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Gaea Clinical Trial Services LLC
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Tel: +44 1625 413 900
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Gaea donates for water in Tsavo West Kenya at $250 per 12,000--- litres which not a lot of water as an elephant drinks 250 litres a day.

“Water is life to every creature. I took these photos yesterday when I delivered one truck of water to thirsty elephants in Tsavo. I am delivering water to the elephants because all the waterholes are dry: we are grip of a drought across Kenya as the rains failed – climate change is real. Stand with me by donating and save this precious creature. Pass the word in any means you can for it is urgent matter, it is about life and death. I want to thank all who have donated or who will donate:

Enkusero Conservancy, Kenya - in the grip of a severe and unusual drought from the failed rans in Mau Forest ( climate change – illegal tree felling)

This afternoon, we have been distributing grass to drought stricken members of our community, it is getting drier every day, every day. Water for use is getting limited. I have never seen in my life experienced such kind of drought. It was not for friends like Nigel G Goodman , I don't know what we would have been doing now. Nigel, you have become our angel. Thank you for your support

Supported by Gaea since 2013

Mazingira Yetu

Click the image to read the publication

Greenmade tree donation

“Greenmade group wish to thank you, Nigel Goodman, for your support. To show our sincere gratitude Greenmade group donated more than two hundred tree seedlings to Ilkarian primary school where we involved the teachers and students in planting the trees. We took this intiative so that we can train students on how to plant and know the importance of conserving animal habitat.

We want to extend this initiative to other schools and institutions. Due to that, we wish to invite for friends’ support so that we can raise more tree seedlings and also hold more workshops to train teachers and students on the importance of saving animal habitats.

Here are things we need according to priorities:

Funds to transport red soil for seedlings tubes, 20 tons =206 US$ 
Seedlings tubes =103 $
Barbed wire for fencing 2 rolls=92 $
Buying of different kind of seeds =154$
Covering the well by cementing it=206 $

Secondly, we long to get a projector which will assist us when doing seminars and workshops around Maasai Mara with teachers and students and members of the community. 

Lastly, we wish to take our group members to a tour to Maasai Mara for two days, the Park entry has been catered for by KWS now we are lacking means of transport and funds for food stuffs. approximate cost for the trip for 35 members is: transport of 412$ and food stuffs of 144$

We invite all friends of good will to support us so that we can achieve this.  

Anyone who may be willing to support our group may send his/her donation to: Bank: Co-operative Bank of Kenya

Branch: Kilgoris   branch
Address: 383-40700, Kilgoris   Kenya
Account: Lolgorian Greenmade group
A/C no: 01134480844900 or through PayPal:, thanks a lot,   

From Greenmade director David OSEKO

Conservation Awareness Magazine support

From Sam Dindhi as Gaea supports this magazine: "I had a meeting with the Kenya Cabinet Secretary for the Environment on August 8 2016, and I presented to her the 10th issue of the magazine. The Government has finally acknowledged the value of the magazine in regard to conservation education."
"Thanks to Gaea for the continued support of our magazine."

Conservation Work - The Milgis Journal

Mpagas, Kenya.  A half dug dam before the rains.

And then with water!!  Thank you Nigel Goodman for funding this dam. It is going to be very successful!.. not full yet, but very well placed for good water.

The newest Milgis Dam in Mpagas.

Our very happy tractor driver in the plane seeing his dams with water… such an important thing for the communities and wildlife as when the rains come, its sometimes the hardest time to get clean water (Nigel's comment – with wide spread deforestation to act as a sponge, the water runs from the hills ever faster and raging torrent takes the top soil with it – the solution:  more trees are needed)

This news is from our CPM, Rebecca White, on her 12 months' sabbatical

Rebecca passed her MSc in Clinical Research Administration which was good news to send to her and it shows that its possible to work very hard and effectively in Gaea , add in a distance MSc at 20 hours' a week at night, and also have a social life. Its engagement.

The brutality of elephant "tourism" in Thailand

Just to let you know we went to the Thailand elephant nature park and it was an incredible experience. All 'domestic' elephants rescued from the logging trade, circuses and lives of begging - most severely traumatised or crippled. They are truly the most inspiring animal I have ever seen and it was a very emotional time to be lucky enough to sit and watch them in their new herds and learn about their past lives.

The sanctuary is beautiful and run by a Thai lady named Lek who we were lucky enough to meet. I assume she is just a younger Thai version of Daphne Sheldrick. If it's not enough that they have 42 elephants, they also have over 400 dogs and cats running around freely, rescued from the streets of Bangkok and elsewhere.

There isn't a release programme as they don't have any protected land to move them into and the elephants are domestic and haven't the skills to survive on their own even if they could move them. This is an ongoing battle with the Thai government to try and get some more space. In addition, the 10km of road up to the sanctuary has ~20 elephant riding camps - Lek provides free veterinary care to all of those elephants as the camps don't even have medical care!! She told us a heartbreaking story that a few days ago one of the camps was 'breaking' a new baby and the elephants in her sanctuary were frantically trying to get across to the elephant. It really broke my heart, especially as we had to watch some clips of the Pajaan during the day. I asked if they try and take the elephants, but it's just too expensive to buy them from the camps as they make so much from the tourist industry...

It's not all bad though - seeing the elephants grazing in the distance, watching the two rescue babies play together and being able to throw some water over one of the blind elephants whilst she had a bath was just a beautiful experience. I loved elephants before...but I think I may be as crazy as you are about them now!!!

We're now all booked in to volunteer at the Surin project in June which I am really looking forward to. My new job over here is to try and explain to people that I meet why they shouldn't be going to elephant riding camps (or the like). It's tough work - many people genuinely don't care, but we have both changed the minds of a few people that we have spoken to. Most of the elephant rides are taken by Japanese (what a surprise) but still some uneducated Europeans. Will keep you updated.


As we end 2014, a correct summary of a terrible year:
China in the cross hairs again over blood ivory

DEC 13, 2014

The hunger and greed for ivory trinkets among China's nouvelle riche continues unabated in spite of efforts by conservationists and prominent Chinese individuals campaigning against it.

The latest seizure yesterday by Hong Kong customs officials of 1,120 tusks at least 560 dead elephant, some 13 rhino horns, and several leopard skins, exposes the catastrophic failure of the Chinese leadership to recognise the growing global sentiment against their country, which combined with growing resentment about Chinese presence in Africa and their exploitative methods of mining has started to even outweigh and outnumber the voices speaking up against China's continued occupation of Tibet, human rights violations, and not giving a damn about what the rest of the world, thinks about them.

"China has at a certain development stage played an important role to help Africa get empowered. However, what they are doing now is nothing short of neo-colonialism in the worst form. They are even bringing workers from China to do even manual labor, menial jobs even. They might finance a lot of projects, but the downside of those are now for all to see. Wherever they have the work camps, wildlife in the vicinity begins to disappear. Maybe they do not like posho and beans, but that does not give them the right to eat everything which moves on four feet."

"China is by far the largest consumer of blood ivory in the world, and their government has done NIL to criminalize local demand, trade, and processing. The shipment today represents at least 560 dead elephant, perhaps more. I applaud their customs and port security, but how much slips through that net? I know some of my colleagues are trying to appease the Chinese and have started praising this and applauding that, but the fact is, they are playing the Chamberlain fiddle. What we need is hard resolve, to tell China to clamp down on demand, stop trade and processing, or risk becoming global pariahs. Combined with the issues of human rights and Tibet and their expansionism off shore to grab islands which are claimed by other nations, they will not know what hit them."

"They might think they sit pretty with our government officials, but once the Rubicon is crossed, there will be no holding back. They either start to behave civilized or have no one to blame but themselves. We also know that CITES [Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species] is playing a very dubious role in all this, and they have turned out to be the biggest letdown. Instead of protecting the elephant, they play with their thumbs. There, too, a hard line is now needed to change personnel and direction if the African elephant is to survive,"

Ivory carvings bring Chinese owners prestige and affirm their social status, but this risks wiping out the African elephant within the next two decades, a fact which prompted another Kenya-based source to add: "They wipe out our wildlife just as they are trying to wipe out our mineral and forest resources. In response, they demonize critics instead of addressing the core issues, which are that China is the single largest consumer of blood ivory, and that has to end, and it has to end now. And it is high time our leading politicians wake up and act, because if they do not, they will be just as bad as those who buy blood ivory. In fact, everyone will start thinking they have been bought and turned into willing puppets."

In closing it should be made clear that, of course, not all Chinese fit into this pair of shoes and that no doubt most of them are just ordinary hard-working folks trying to put food on the table for their families. But those who are fitting into that pair of shoes, those are the ones to take aim at and single them out as enemies of the African elephant, and, therefore, enemies of Africa no matter what social standing they have in China, what positions in the leadership their parents hold, or how much money they have made.

It is time for the Chinese leadership to act and show that they understand what global responsibility actually means in the context of saving the elephant, rhinos, and other game, giraffes included. This appears their latest crazy belief that the bone marrow of those graceful animals has some miracle cure properties, and plenty of giraffe carcasses have been spotted in recent months, all intact but for the legs which have been hacked off. The truth is that bone marrow does not have miracle cure properties, and neither does the powder made of rhino horn for which ailments the little blue pills might work a lot better, pun fully intended. Hands off the elephant, and hands off the African wildlife.

An example of Gaea conservation in action - we set up this fund via Go Fund me

"The last source of water in the Kenya Oltepesi area has failed - please donate to help all life there">

Updated November 21:
Oltepesi is a semi-arid region in the Maasai steppe of Kenya occupied by the pastoral community alongside lots of wildlife living on group ranches and private grazing fields. The drought is causing a competition for water resources between people and wildlife.The already failing supply was destroyed by thirsty elephants. Trying to deter them or driving them away will cause more damage and they have the right to drink. We won't have enough money to supply and store water so the immediate task switches to paying for human labour with spades and wheel barrows to hand dig out some of the dam, while they are in the rainy season. The Panama Canal was built this way. I am asking you to contribute with a small amount of money to help the people, their domestic animals and all wildlife. I am managing this fund. If you feel insecure with this means of donation, please use pay pal at email: or let me know and we can find a way.

Thank you

Nigel Goodman


Sharing our Experience and adding value is also embodied outside of our pharmaceutical work in our charitable giving in the UK and overseas. In South Africa and Kenya we are committed to assisting with the conservation of elephants and rhinos. We have also fully funded the education of three children from the age of eight and will continue to do so until they leave school in Kenya.

Elephants are the embodiment of the principle of Sharing our Experience as the existence of each family depends on the acquired wisdom of the senior female, the matriarch. Gaea is an avid supporter of the David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust, the Amboseli Trust for Elephants and the Big Life Foundation in Kenya. Please visit The David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust , and if you are interested in learning more about their valuable work in Kenya to protect the iconic elephant from the ravages of poaching. Currently, poaching is decimating the elephant populations of Africa at a rate of 25,000 elephants killed annually to feed the ivory trade.

The picture to the right (from the David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust) features one of their new orphans, Faraja, being fed by a keeper and helped by an enthusiastic friend.

On our homepage we show a picture of our adopted baby elephant, Gaea, with her mother Georgia. Our adoption and donations have contributed significantly to expanding and improving the network of community rangers in the Amboseli Park. The rangers work hard to build relationships with the local community so as to avoid conflicts between elephants and farmers at the edge of the park and to provide an early warning of poachers in the area.

Gaea also supports rhinos in South Africa, another critically endangered species. Jomo Goodman, named after Nigel, was rescued from sale to an Asian zoo.
"If you educate a man, you educate an individual, but if you educate a woman, you educate a family"
We are supporting the ongoing education of three children in Kenya until the age of 18, as only through education will there be change. The local school was provided with both footballs and textbooks by Nigel when he visited in 2010.

In the UK community we also support the East Cheshire Hospice with their work in managing life-limiting diseases.

Searching For The Elephants Genius Inside the Largest Brain on Land
By Ferris Jabr, Brainwaves, Scientific America
February 26, 2014 |

Many years ago, while wandering through Amboseli National Park in Kenya, an elephant matriarch named Echo came upon the bones of her former companion Emily. Echo and her family slowed down and began to inspect the remains. They stroked Emilys skull with their trunks, investigating every crevice; they touched her skeleton gingerly with their padded hind feet; they carried around her tusks. Elephants consistently react this way to other dead elephants, but do not show much interest in deceased rhinos, buffalo or other species. Sometimes elephants will even cover their dead with soil and leaves.

What is going through an elephants mind in these moments? We cannot explain their behavior as an instinctual and immediate reaction to a dying or recently perished compatriot. Rather, they seem to understand-even years and years after a friend or relatives death-that an irreversible change has taken place, that, here on the ground, is an elephant who used to be alive, but no longer is. In other words, elephants grieve.

Such grief is but one of many indications that elephants are exceptionally intelligent, social and empathic creatures. After decades of observing wild elephants-and a series of carefully controlled experiments in the last eight years-scientists now agree that elephants form lifelong kinships, talk to one another with a large vocabulary of rumbles and trumpets and make group decisions; elephants play, mimic their parents and cooperate to solve problems; they use tools, console one another when distressed, and probably have a sense of self (See: The Science Is In: Elephants Are Even Smarter Than We Realized)

All this intellect must emerge, in one way or another, from the elephant brain-the largest of any land animal, three times as big as the human brain with individual neurons that seem to be three to five times the size of human brain cells. Over the course of their evolutionary history, elephants-just like humans-experienced a dramatic increase in their encephalization quotient (EQ): the ratio between the actual mass of an animals brain and what you would expect its brain mass to be based on its overall body size. An EQ of 1 is exactly what you would expect. A higher EQ generally but not always syncs up with what we perceive as greater intelligence. Humans have an EQ higher than 7; dolphins between 4 and 5; orcas and chimpanzees between 2 and 3. As far as we can tell, elephants did not start out particularly bright. The African bush and forest elephants, the Asian elephant and their extinct cousins the mammoths all evolved in Africa many millions of years ago. Some of the most ancient relatives of elephants were swamp-wallowing creatures akin to hippopotamuses and tapirs with flexible upper lips and as many as eight short tusks. Over time elephants became larger and larger, evolving to survive by eating huge amounts of relatively nutrient poor grasses. As their bodies grew, so did their brains-even more than one would predict. Between 35 million years ago and today, the EQ of Proboscidea-the taxonomic family containing modern elephants and their extinct relatives-increased 10 fold, from 0.2 to greater than 2 for Asian elephants.

Scientists have only started to seriously examine the neural architecture housed in the elephant cranium, but they have already found some unique features. Paul Manger of the University of Witwatersrand moved to South Africa in 2002 for the express purpose of studying the elephant brain. What stands out so far, he says, are neural networks specialized for the elephants extraordinary senses and kinetic talents.

At the annual Society for Neuroscience meeting in San Diego, California this past November, Manger, Suzana Herculano-Houzel of the Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas/Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and their colleagues presented the first accurate cell count for a whole elephant brain. Herculano-Houzel has developed one of the most sophisticated methods for counting the number of cells in a brain. Basically, she liquefies entire brains, preserving only the nuclei-sacs of DNA that serve as the command center of cells. Then she tags the DNA inside each nucleus with fluorescent proteins and measures the intensity of the fluorescence to get the total number of nuclei. Since each cell has only one nucleus, that number is the number of total brain cells.

It turns out the elephant brain has three times more neurons than our own: 257 billion to our 86 billion. The vast majority of these neurons are found not in the cerebral cortex-the seat of abstract thinking in humans-but rather in the elephants cerebellum, which controls breathing, heart rate and movement, among other duties. The elephant cerebellum has 250 billion neurons; its cortex has 5.5 billion. Humans have about 70 billion neurons in the cerebellum and 16 billion in the cortex.

Manger and Herculano-Houzel suspect that the elephant depends on such a dense cerebellum to maneuver one of the most sensitive and versatile appendages in the animal kingdom. With more than 100,000 distinct bundles of muscle fibers, an elephants prehensile trunk is just as dexterous as a human or chimpanzees hands. In the first few months of life, as a baby elephant learns to handle its trunk, the wriggling appendage seems to have a mind of its own-reminiscent of a human infants flailing limbs. By adulthood, elephants can use their trunks to snorkel when submerged, heave objects weighing more than 700 pounds, or gingerly crack open a peanut shell.

Neural networks in the temporal lobe devoted to vocal communication and hearing are also particularly large and complex in the elephant brain. Elephants can chirp softly or trumpet about as loudly as a jet taking off. They can recognize the calls of up to 100 different elephants even from a distance of nearly 5,000 feet. And they often communicate with low-frequency rumbles that humans cannot hear unaided. Some scientists have speculated that thirsty elephants guide themselves towards distant rainfall by detecting vibrations produced by thunderstorms. Along with sound and touch, elephants primarily rely on odor to learn about one another and the world around them. A fusion of the upper lip and nostrils, the trunk gives elephants a sense of smell that is even more acute than that of nosy critters like rodents and dogs. One region of the elephant olfactory bulb-the part of the brain that processes smell-contains extra layers of cells in a honeycomb arrangement not found in other mammals.

If the elephants gargantuan cerebellum-as well as its intricate olfactory and temporal lobes-equip the creature with sensory superpowers, what features of the elephant brain account for its more sophisticated, more abstract mental talents: for its cooperative problem-solving, understanding of death and self-awareness? Based on what we know about brains generally, this type of intellect arises from the cerebral cortex. Manger and Herculano-Houzels recent investigations confirmed, however, that despite having a brain three times as large as our own, the elephants cerebral cortex contains surprisingly few neurons and is nowhere near as dense as the human or chimpanzee cortex. Yet the elephant is clearly capable of astounding intelligence.

Benjamin Hart of the University of California Davis has speculated that the elephant cortex derives its intellectual prowess not from local density but from widespread interconnectivity. He suspects that, whereas the human and chimpanzee brains have evolved many tight-knit networks of nearby neurons throughout the cortex-akin to states packed with highly populous cities-the elephant brain has favored lengthy connections between far-flung brain areas, building the equivalent of an extensive cross-country railroad system. For now, though, this is mostly hypothetical.

To look an elephant in the face is to gaze upon genius. Here is a creature who experiences emotional intimacy with friends and family, who seems to understand death and treats its dead in a way that borders on ceremonial. Here is an animal who can recognize itself in the mirror, fashion twigs into tools, formulate and implement plans, and remember someones face for decades. An animal that has exquisite ways of sensing the world we can never experience firsthand and a complex language we will probably never decipher. An animal whose cleverness parallels our own, yet is in many ways unique. As a species, we have long valued our extraordinary mental powers, obsessively comparing our intelligence to the braininess of all other beasts. We insist on continually updating a grand hierarchy of cleverness. The more one learns about exceptionally smart and sensitive animals like the elephant, however, the less useful such rankings become. It suddenly seems silly to think of intelligence as a pyramid. Yes, some creatures have bigger brains and some are capable of impressive mental feats others will never achieve. But what is far more impressive-what is far more fascinating-is the glorious diversity of intelligence on our planet. There are so many different ways to be smart. Every species alive today is exactly as smart as its survival required. When we look into the eyes of the elephant, we should recognize nothing less than an intellectual equal.

Article at the following link:
http://blogs.scientificamerican. com/brainwaves/2014/02/26/searching-for-the-elephants-genius-inside-the-largest-brain-on-land/>

7 Facts About Elephants That Make Poaching Even Worse

Although we know more about them and ecological importance than ever before, humans have only become more cruel to elephants. Last year was one of the toughest on record for these gentle giants: they could be extinct in TEN years as its not just the straight numbers the males and matriarch are targeted as they have the larger tusks breeding stops and families are totally disrupted as they depend on the matriarch.

Here are seven fact you might not have known about this fascinating animal-seven facts that make hunting them for their teeth, or keeping them captive, even more absurd.

1. The elephant is the largest land animal on the planet. The African species stands between 8 and 13 feet tall and weighs 5,000 to 14,000 pounds. The Asian elephant stands about 6.6 to 9.8 feet tall and weighs 4,960 to 12,125 pounds. The largest elephant on record weighed about 24,000 pounds and stood 13 feet tall. Even baby elephants are quite imposing, entering the world at 3 feet tall and about 200 pounds.

2. Elephants hire babysitters. After carrying their unborn young for around 22 months, its no wonder that mother elephants sometimes need a break. Elephant culture embodies the "it takes a village" mindset, with mothers appointing several babysitters to care for her baby so that she has time to eat enough to produce sufficient milk for it.

3. Elephants use their trunks as a snorkel (not a straw!). Many people believe the myth that elephants drink water through their nose. While its true that elephants can draw up to two gallons of water into their seven foot-long nose, they only hold it there before shooting it into their mouth. They can also use their trunks as snorkels when they wade in deep water.

4. Elephants use their ears for air conditioning. Filled with hundreds of tiny, intersecting veins, elephant ears act like an onboard cooling system. "As they flap their wet ears the blood in these veins is cooled, and the cooled blood is circulated around the elephants body," explains Live Science. And yes, those massive ears to allow the elephant to hear exceptionally well, but African elephants can also " hear" with their feet thanks to sensory cells that detect vibrations.

5. Elephants speak more languages than you. Turns out elephants have been using their massive brains to listen in on human conversation, which helps them avoid danger. "[N]ew research has demonstrated they are even more sophisticated than we thought and have learned to differentiate between different languages, ages and genders among humans and determine who poses a threat to them," writes Alicia Graef for Care2.

6. Elephants care for their sick. Worrying about a loved one who is sick or injured isnt limited to humankind. Elephants are extremely social creatures. If an elephant becomes sick, herd members will bring it food and help it stand up if its weak. Elephants will also "hug" by wrapping their trunks together in displays of greeting and affection.

7. Elephants have funerals. Learning how much elephants love and care for each other makes this no surprise. When a member of the herd can´t be nursed back to health, elephants engage in death rituals and mourning. They are one of the only known mammals besides humans to do this.

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